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Hearing Aid Use Is Associated With Improved Cognitive Function In Hearing-Impaired Elderly


A study conducted by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) found that older adults who used a hearing aid performed significantly better on cognitive tests than those who did not use a hearing aid, despite having poorer hearing. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hearing Aid Use and Cognitive Function

Age-Related Hearing Loss and Communication Breakdown in the Clinical Setting

It is not uncommon for older adults to report mishearing a physician or nurse in a primary care or hospital setting, according to a study published by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.The prevalence of medical errors is higher among older patients. Failures in clinical communication are considered to be the leading cause of medical errors. A previous study reported that improved communication between the medical teams and families could have prevented 36 percent of medical errors. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Age-Related Hearing Loss And Failures In Clinical Communication

NYU Study Finds That Few Researchers Consider The Effect Of Hearing Loss In Physician/Patient Communication

Doctors believe that communication with their patients is important, but most studies of physician/elderly patient communication do not mention that hearing loss may affect this interaction. Please CLICK on the following link: Research Findings On Physician/Patient Communication

The Standard Audiogram Is Not A Reliable Indicator Of Hearing Ability

Clinicians and researchers have realized that the standard audiogram hearing test is not a reliable indicator of hearing ability. There are many cases where patients have “normal” audiograms but poor speech understanding, especially in noise. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: The Standard Audiogram And Hearing Ability

Understanding Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory processing disorder (APD), also known as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), is an auditory deficit affecting how the central nervous system interprets verbal information. Those living with APD show impairments in sound localization, specifically their ability to isolate a sound source in social environments. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: APD

Changing Music To Vibrations

We were recently alerted to new research to help Deaf/deaf/HOH people enjoy music again. An HLAA Kentuckiana Chapter member is currently contacting the researchers to see if they would be willing to give a presentation at one of the chapter's monthly meetings. Please CLICK here to watch the video: Video

A Balancing Act Before The Onset Of Hearing

The development of the auditory system begins in the womb and culminates in a newborn’s ability to hear upon entering the world. While the age at which hearing begins varies across mammals, the sensory structures of the inner ears are active before the onset of hearing. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: A Balancing Act Before The Onset Of Hearing

important progress in research on gene therapy for the inner ear

In his News and Views essay, “Hearing in the mouse of Usher,” John V. Brigande, Ph.D., provides commentary on two studies in the issue that report important progress in research on gene therapy for the inner ear. Please CLICK on the following link: Commentary

Cortical Alpha Oscillations Predict Speech Intelligibility

In this study, scientists measured brain activity that originates from the cortex, known as alpha rhythms. Previous research has linked these rhythms to sensory processes involving working memory and attention, two crucial tasks for listening to speech in noise. However, no previous research has studied alpha rhythms directly during a clinical speech in noise perception task. The purpose of this study was to measure alpha rhythms during attentive listening in a commonly used speech-in-noise task, known as digits-in-nose (DiN), to better understand the neural processes associated with speech hearing in noise. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Research Study

Home-based Auditory and Speechreading Training

The profession of audiology has its roots in the aural rehabilitation (A/R) programs organized by the US military during WW II. Their purpose was to respond to the needs of servicemen who lost hearing as a result of war service. The medical authorities brought together a number of specialists and asked them to create an optimal A/R program. With little financial restrictions and full access to personnel and available technology, these professionals were able to create what they considered to be an ideal program. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Home-Based Auditory And Speechreading Training

Speechreading

Hearing-impaired people wear hearing aids because they want to hear better. Even with hearing aids, however, many if not most, of them will still have problems understanding speech, particularly in noisy surroundings. Additional help is available for these people if they are able to use their eyes to supplement the information obtained through the ears, that is, by speech-reading. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Speechreading

Hearing Loss, Tinnitus And Mental Health

We regularly receive anecdotal evidence about the negative impact that hearing loss can have on mental health. This article will start with definitions of hearing loss, tinnitus and mental health before going on to consider prevalence rates for mental health problems amongst people with hearing loss and/or tinnitus. The second half of the article will provide an overview of various risk factors identified in the literature associated with hearing loss, tinnitus and mental health. Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Loss, Tinnitus And Mental Health

Hearing Loss May Be Linked To Mental Decline

Loss of hearing represents more than just difficulty hearing sounds. It can lead to social isolation and depression. A new study suggests that hearing loss may also be linked to loss of memory and thinking skills. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hearing Loss And Mental Decline

Scientists Identify Molecules In the Ear That Convert Sound Into Brain Signals

For scientists who study the genetics of hearing and deafness, finding the exact genetic machinery in the inner ear that responds to sound waves and converts them into electrical impulses, the language of the brain, has been something of a holy grail. Now this quest has come to fruition. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Research


Researchers Find How Mutant Gene Can Cause Deafness

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Research

OSU Study: Confusion Surrounds Closed Captioning Implementation Within Higher Education

Motivations and implementation efforts vary when it comes to captioning videos at higher education institutions, new research from Oregon State University shows. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Research Study

A within-subjects comparison of bimodal hearing, bilateral cochlear implantation, and bilateral cochlear implantation with bilateral hearing preservation: High-performing patients

A comparison of bimodal hearing and bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) was completed using a within-subjects, repeated-measures study for eight adult sequential recipients who despite achieving incredibly high performance with the first CI, self-selected for bilateral implantation. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Research Study

Cochlear implantation with hearing preservation yields significant benefit for speech recognition in complex listening environments

The aim of this study was to assess the benefit of having preserved acoustic hearing in the implanted ear for speech recognition in complex listening environments. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Research Study

Can A Mutation Predict Ear Infections?

Otitis media or middle ear infection is a common disease in childhood; in the United States, it is the most frequent reason for antibiotic use in children and pediatric office visits. Typically when children have otitis media it is usually acute. This means the duration of infection since the start of symptoms is under two weeks, and there is inflammation such as redness of the eardrum and pus in the middle ear, with or without the perforation of the eardrum (a hole in the eardrum). In such cases, what causes the infection is usually a common bacterium such as Streptococcus pneumoniae (“strep”) or Haemophilus influenzae (including type B, or Hib). The infection can become chronic, so there is a persistent perforation that may not heal and a chronic or recurrent ear discharge. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Can A Mutation Predict Ear Infections?

Assistive Listening Study

The most common assistive listening device for the hearing impaired person is the hearing aid instrument. State of the art analog and digital hearing aids provide tremendous benefit to the hearing impaired. Users and researchers agree, however, that because wanted and unwanted sounds are often amplified together, comprehension of amplified speech continues to suffer in difficult listening situations involving distance, indirect sound, reverberation, and noise. The following article relates to a study carried out on Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs). Please CLICK on the following link: Assistive Listening Study

Hearing Preservation Among Patients Undergoing Cochlear Implantation

Despite successful preservation of low-frequency hearing in patients undergoing cochlear implantation (CI) with shorter electrode lengths, there is still controversy regarding which electrodes maximize hearing preservation (HP). The thin straight electrode array (TSEA) has been suggested as a full cochlear coverage option for HP. However, very little is known regarding its HP potential. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hearing Preservation Amoung CI Patients

How Does The Human Brain Respond To Hearing Loss?

Researchers exploring the ways in which the human brain responds to hearing loss have identified patterns of brain 'reorganization' that may be related to a widely reported link between age-related hearing loss and dementia. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: How Does The Brain Respond To Heating Loss?

On The Topic Of Hearing Loss And Fatigue

Subjective ratings of fatigue and vigor in adults with hearing loss are driven by perceived hearing difficulties, not degree of hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more:  Hearing Loss And Fatigue

Future Cures For Hearing Loss?

Tomorrow, technological advances will undoubtedly give rise to improved prosthetic devices (hearing aids and implant), which will remain, in the short-term at least, the major mode of rehabilitation. However, one can predict the development of local pharmacology (across the eardrum) to protect hair cells and neurons, and to treat tinnitus. And after that? Regeneration? Cell-based or gene therapies? Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Future Cures?

How Your Child's Love For Music May Be Destroying Their Hearing

Please CLICK on the following link: A Factor Affecting Hearing

The Hum Test For Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Have you ever had a cold and suffered some hearing loss? Learn about this simple 10 second test called the hum test. The hum test was designed by an otologist to instantly help doctors determine what the underlying problem is. It is a test you can do yourself at any time in order to know whether you have a clogged ear or whether you have an ear emergency on your hands. The test assumes that only one ear feels “blocked” which was your complaint. If both ears are equally blocked, then this test won’t work. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: The Hum Test

Determining How Many Children Have Hearing Loss

By studying the number of children diagnosed with hearing loss over time, we can find out if the number is rising, dropping, or staying the same. We can compare the number of children with hearing loss in different groups of people. This information can help us look for causes of hearing loss and help communities plan for services. Please CLICK on the following linkChildren With Hearing Loss

Magnetic Pulses To The Brain Deliver Long Lasting Relief For Tinnitus Sufferers

One of the most common health conditions in the country, tinnitus affects nearly 45 million Americans. People with this audiological and neurological condition hear a persistent sound -- that can range from ringing or buzzing to a hissing or white noise hum -- when there is no external sound source. The distraction can impair people's ability to sleep or concentrate and is sometimes disabling. 

In the largest U.S. clinical trial of its kind funded by the Veterans Affairs (VA) Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, researchers at the VA Portland Medical Center and Oregon Health & Science University found that transcranial magnetic stimulation significantly improved tinnitus symptoms for more than half of study participants.  Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Lasting Relief For Tinnitus Sufferers

Listening Gets More Effortful In Your Forties

The ability to understand conversational speech in everyday situations is affected by many obstacles. Though understanding speech in noise poses difficulty for hearing-impaired individuals of all ages, several studies have indicated that in the absence of hearing loss, older adults face increased challenges in noisy environments ; some reports suggest that middle-aged adults have significantly poorer speech recognition in noise compared to young adults. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Listening Gets More Effortful In Your Forties

Psychological Effects of Hearing Loss in Teens

Typically hearing loss is a problem we associate with the elderly, or perhaps with long-time operators of heavy machinery. Rarely do we think of it in conjunction with children and teens, and even when we do, we tend to assume that the disability has existed since birth. Please CLICK on the following link to read more: Hearing Loss in Teens

Another Piece In The Puzzle of Hearing Aid Use And Cognitive Decline

Though the ways in which hearing loss is related to cognition and memory deficits are not fully understood, recent evidence suggests that hearing loss may have a meaningful relationship to increased risk of cognitive decline. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hearing Aid Use and Cognitive Decline

Meniere's Disease Explained

In 1861, the French physician Prosper Meniere described a condition which now bears his name. Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes of vertigo, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear, and fluctuating hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Meniere's Disease

Please CLICK on the following link to learn about volunteering to take part in the Meniere's Disease Research Study: Research Study

Army Researchers Assess Effects Of Hearing Loss On Soldiers

Army Medicine audiology researchers are studying how hearing loss affects the performance of soldiers on the battlefield. Their findings are intended to give commanders a better understanding of real-world limitations, and help create more realistic hearing standards for active-duty soldiers. Please CLICK on the following link: Effects Of Hearing Loss On Soldiers

Modern Remote Microphones Greatly Improve Speech Understanding in Noise

Wireless hearing aids have made remote microphones more accessible, affordable, and easier to use. As a result, use of these systems has become more common. Please CLICK on the following link for more information: Modern Remote Microphones

Hearing: It Takes Two!

A major challenge in hearing research is to understand how structures known as ‘hair bundles’ are formed in the cochlea. Hair bundles have a crucial role in the detection of sound and the conversion of mechanical signals (that is, sound waves) into electrical signals. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: It Takes Two!

Found: A Likely New Contributor To Age-Related Hearing Loss

Conventional wisdom has long blamed age-related hearing loss almost entirely on the death of sensory hair cells in the inner ear, but research from neuroscientists has provided new information about the workings of nerve cells that suggests otherwise. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: A Likely New Contributor

Silently Suffering From Hearing Loss Negatively Affects Quality of Life

In a National Council on Aging study of 2,304 people with hearing loss, those who didn't wear hearing aids were 50 percent more likely to suffer from sadness or depression than people who did wear them. Additionally, hearing aid users were much more likely to participate in social activities regularly. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Effects of Silently Suffering From Hearing Loss

How Does The Brain Respond If You Have Hearing Loss?

Researchers suggest that the portion of the brain devoted to hearing can become reorganized even with early-stage hearing loss, and may play a role in cognitive decline. They have applied fundamental principles of neuroplasticity, the ability of the brain to forge new connections, to determine the ways it adapts to hearing loss, as well as the consequences of those changes. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: How Does The Brain Respond?

Orchestrating Hair Cell Regeneration

The older we get, the less likely we are to hear well, as our inner ear sensory hair cells succumb to age or injury. Intriguingly, humans are one-upped by fish here. Similar hair cells in a fish sensory system that dots their bodies and forms the lateral line, by which they discern water movement, are readily regenerated if damage or death occurs. A new study zeros in on an important component of this secret weapon in fish. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hair Cell Regeneration

Does Hearing Aid Use Slow Cognitive Decline?

Recent evidence has suggested that cognitive decline and hearing impairment may have more of a connection beyond simple co-occurrence in the older population. To learn more, please CLICK on the following link: Cognitive Decline

Cochlear Pathology, Sensory Cell Death and Regeneration

Loss of cochlear hair cells leads to permanent hearing loss. Hair cells may degenerate due to hereditary or environmental causes, or a combination of the two. Cochlear supporting cells actively participate in the process of hair cell elimination and scar formation by rapidly expanding and sealing the reticular lamina, the barrier between endolymph and perilymph. This scarring process helps preserve the remaining hair cells and hearing. Anti-apoptotic agents, anti-oxidants and several growth factors have been shown to protect hair cells and hearing against environmental insults. Characterization of the genes that regulate the development of the inner ear and its response to trauma has been helpful in designing strategies for enhancing protection of the inner ear and for inducing hair cell regeneration. This article discusses the potential for some of these approaches. Please CLICK on the following link: Cell Death and Regeneration

Mondegreens and Hearing Loss

Have you ever heard of a Mondegreen? In simple terms, it is defined as a misunderstood or misinterpreted word or phrase, mostly experienced by people with hearing loss but also occurs with people who have normal hearing, where our brains take what we have already heard and understood, and rework the “gibberish” with similar-sounding words to come up with a plausible rendition of what we missed. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Mondegreens and Hearing Loss

Listening Is More Effortful For New Hearing Aid Wearers

This research study proposes that working memory and cognitive processing may have more of an impact on speech recognition for new hearing aid users than for experienced hearing aid users. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Listening is More Effortful

Ototoxicity - The Hidden Menace You Need To Know About!

To many doctors, Ototoxicity just means hearing loss or tinnitus. Others consider only drug side effects that affect the inner ear as being ototoxic. However, Stedman’s Medical Dictionary defines Ototoxicity as the “property of being injurious to the ear.” Therefore, any side effect of a drug that damages our ears in any way is ototoxic whether it damages the outer, middle or inner ear. Please CLICK on the following links to learn more: Ototoxicity - Part 1   Ototoxicity - Part 2

Recent Research Into Factors That Lead To Successful Hearing Aid Use

Hearing aid success can generally be defined as an outcome in which the patient wears the instruments regularly and reports benefit from them. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more about the findings of a recent research study on this subject: Factors Leading to Successful Hearing Aid Use

Cochlear Implant Technological Developments

Please CLICK on the following link to learn about recent technological developments with Cochlear Implant Devices: Cochlear Implant Device Developments

A System for Providing Cochlear Implant Recipients With Natural and Effortless Hearing

Read about one of the latest systems designed to provide cochlear implant recipients with natural and effortless hearing. Please CLICK on the following link: System for Cochlear Implant Recipients

Clinical Studies Summary On Trials Carried Out With HiResolution Sound

In 2003, Advanced Bionics released HiResolution® Sound (HiRes®), a family of strategies that doubled the number of spectral bands and increased temporal rates tenfold over conventional sound processing strategies. Clinical trial results revealed that adult subjects demonstrated significant improvement on all speech recognition tests with HiRes compared to their performance with conventional strategies. Please CLICK on the following link to find out more: Clinical Studies Summary

Hearing Loss and Anxiety in Adults

Experiencing a hearing loss sets the foundation for potentially untold anxiety-producing situations, even sometimes among people who use hearing aids or assistive listening devices. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Hearing Loss and Anxiety

Cognitive Benefits of Digital Noise Reduction

This article relates to a recent study to investigate the relationships among noise reduction, listening effort and speech recognition in middle-aged to older adults with hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link to find out more: Cognitive Benefits of Digital Noise Reduction

Hearing Aid Use Is Becoming More Accepted!

This article discusses why the use of hearing aids is becoming more accepted nowadays.To learn more, please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Aid Acceptability


How Hearing Loss and Hearing Aids Affect Cognitive Ability

How does what you hear affect your pain receptors and perception of pain?  We are starting to understand that all aspects of perception are linked together, and hearing is linked in many ways to other things that we do and how we live our lives.  It is because of the complex interaction within the cognitive system.  This is where we are starting to focus our effort to understand that relationship.To learn more, please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Loss & Cognitive Ability

Effects of Denied Hearing Loss on the Signifcant Other

Patients with similar hearing losses often display differing degrees of communication problems. It has been demonstrated that even mild hearing losses in an elderly person may result in reduced personal satisfaction because of loss of independence, reduction in emotional well-being, and other limitations that are not seen in normal hearing elderly persons. Therefore, it is likely that even some elderly patients who deny their hearing impairment may experience the same limitations but do not seek intervention.To learn more, please CLICK on the following link: Effect on the Significant Other

Hearing Loss Linked to Accelerated Brain Tissue Loss

Although the brain becomes smaller with age, the shrinkage seems to be fast-tracked in older adults with hearing loss, according to the results of a study by researchers from Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Aging. The findings add to a growing list of health consequences associated with hearing loss, including increased risk of dementia, falls, hospitalizations, and diminished physical and mental health overall. To learn more, please CLICK on the following link: Link to Brain Tissue Loss